The PhD will look to build upon existing knowledge by updating Opperman’s (1999) multidimensional ‘Sex Tourism Framework’.

However, since the framework was created, significant socio-economic changes have taken place. Globalisation has dramatically altered social norms relating to sexual exploration and the internet and geo-spatial apps have diminished geographical borders, changing the way people meet, shifting values and reaching hidden populations. These global changes are challenging disease surveillance and the implementation of health initiatives, as well as creating even greater stigma and discrimination. Therefore there is a need to modernise the framework and allow the findings to feed in to current and new policies.

To achieve this, the research team will explore the experiences of healthcare professionals (HCPs) and people who travel for sex (PWTFS). The study will target three areas in the UK: Manchester, Liverpool and London. The study will be completed by 2022.